Side Effects of Medications and Hyperhidrosis Treatment Options

Hyperhidrosis is a condition characterized by excessive sweating, typically affecting areas such as the underarms, palms, soles of the feet, and the face. This condition can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life and self-esteem. In severe cases, it may even interfere with daily activities, causing discomfort and embarrassment. Various hyperhidrosis treatment options are available to manage the condition and alleviate its side effects.

Side Effects of Medications for Hyperhidrosis

Medications are often prescribed to help manage hyperhidrosis symptoms. However, like any other medication, they come with potential side effects that individuals should be aware of. It is essential to discuss these aspects with a healthcare professional before starting any hyperhidrosis treatment regimen.

1. Dry Mouth: Many medications prescribed for hyperhidrosis, such as anticholinergics, work by blocking the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. While this can reduce sweating, it may also lead to dry mouth as a side effect.

2. Blurred Vision: Some medications used to treat hyperhidrosis can cause blurred vision due to their anticholinergic effects. Individuals may experience difficulty focusing, particularly when attempting to read or engage in visually demanding tasks.

3. Constipation: Another potential side effect is constipation, which can occur as a result of reduced gastrointestinal motility caused by certain medications.

4. Urinary Retention: In rare cases, hyperhidrosis medications can affect the muscles in the bladder, causing difficulties in emptying the bladder fully. This side effect is more common in older adults.

5. Dizziness or Drowsiness: Some individuals may experience dizziness or drowsiness, especially when starting a new medication or adjusting the dosage.

Hyperhidrosis Treatment Options

Fortunately, several hyperhidrosis treatment options are available to effectively manage excessive sweating and minimize its impact on daily life. These options range from non-invasive remedies to more invasive procedures, depending on the severity of the condition and personal preferences.

1. Topical Treatments: Over-the-counter antiperspirants containing aluminum chloride or aluminum chloride hexahydrate can be applied to affected areas to reduce sweating. Prescription strength antiperspirants and medicated powders may also be recommended.

2. Medications: As previously mentioned, medications such as anticholinergics can be prescribed to reduce sweating. However, potential side effects should be considered, and the medication should be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

3. Botox Injections: Botulinum toxin injections, commonly known as Botox, can be administered in the affected areas to block the nerves responsible for sweating. The effects typically last for several months before additional treatments are required.

4. Iontophoresis: This non-invasive technique involves passing a weak electrical current through water and the skin’s surface to block sweat gland activity temporarily. Regular treatments may be necessary to maintain the results.

5. Surgery: In severe cases of hyperhidrosis that do not respond to other treatments, surgical options such as sympathectomy may be considered. During sympathectomy, the nerves responsible for stimulating sweat glands are surgically interrupted.

It is important to note that the appropriate hyperhidrosis treatment option varies from person to person. Consultation with a healthcare professional is crucial to determine the best course of action based on individual circumstances and medical history.


Excessive sweating caused by hyperhidrosis can significantly impact an individual’s daily life. Thankfully, various treatment options are available to manage the condition and alleviate its side effects. Whether it be through topical treatments, medications, Botox injections, iontophoresis, or surgical interventions, individuals can find relief and regain control over their own well-being.